What was the impact of First World war on European Class 9?
(i) In society, soldiers were ranked higher than civilians. Trench life of the soldiers was glorified by the media. (ii) Politicians and publicists laid great stress on the need for men to be aggressive and masculine. (iii) Aggressive war propaganda and national honour occupied centre stage in the public sphere.
In addition, many cities, towns and villages across Europe were completely destroyed by aerial bombing and heavy artillery. The wanton destruction of homes created thousands of refugees and displaced persons. Almost everyone in Europe was affected by the war.
The First World War had a crippling effect on Germany. The war reparations that Germany was expected to pay, severely affected the economy. It lost Alsace and Lorraine to France. The situation in Germany aided the growth of Adolf Hitler.
Germany was reduced in size and forced to pay substantial reparations. The Kaiser went into exile, and Germany plunged into economic and political chaos that paved the way for the rise of Hitler. The new countries were poor and often in conflict with each other.
World War I was one of the great watersheds of 20th-century geopolitical history. It led to the fall of four great imperial dynasties (in Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey), resulted in the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, and, in its destabilization of European society, laid the groundwork for World War II.
The World War 1 of 1914 resulted in increased taxes, military expenditure, and deployment of Indians to fight in the war. The war created demand for Indian goods which helped the Indian industries in their revival.
This increase in militarism helped push the countries involved into war. The immediate cause of World War I that made the aforementioned items come into play (alliances, imperialism, militarism, nationalism) was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary.
A: It changed the world. It led to the Russian Revolution, the collapse of the German Empire and the collapse of the Hapsburg Monarchy, and it led to the restructuring of the political order in Europe and in other parts of the world, particularly in the Middle East.
(i)The First World War led to a huge rise in the defence expenditure of the Government of India. The government in turn increased taxes on individual incomes and business profits. (ii)Increased military expenditure and the demands for war supplies led to the sharp rise in prices which badly affected the common mass.
Germany emerged from the First World War defeated and in political and economic turmoil. The economy was ruined and the Kaiser had fled the country. Various political parties, democratic and extremist fought for power.
What happened after world war 1 in Europe?
As the maps show, the postwar treaties carved up old empires into many small new nations, causing huge land losses for the Central Powers and changing the face of Europe. The former empire of Austria-Hungary was dissolved, and new nations were created from its land: Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia.
Poland was restored and acquired new territory; so did Greece, Italy, and Romania, which doubled its former size. Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia came into existence as composite states. Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania won independence from Russia.
World War I brought about the end of the centuries-old monarchies and empires of Europe and the reorganisation of European borders and sovereignties. 2. Post-war treaties led to the formation of an independent nation-state of Poland, the dissolution of Austria-Hungary and the formation of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
The assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife by Bosnian Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip on June 28, 1914, suddenly stirred up brewing conflicts in the region. Austria-Hungary used the assassination as an excuse to settle its dispute with Serbia.
The First World War led to a huge rise in the defence expenditure of the Government of India. The government in turn increased taxes on individual incomes and business profits. (ii) Increased military expenditure and the demands for war supplies led to the sharp rise in prices which badly affected the common mass.
The First World War destroyed empires, created numerous new nation-states, encouraged independence movements in Europe's colonies, forced the United States to become a world power and led directly to Soviet communism and the rise of Hitler.
The war resulted in the death of empires and the birth of nations, and in national boundaries being redrawn around the world. It ushered in prosperity for some countries, while it brought economic depression to others. It influenced literature. It changed culture.
iii) The war increased demand for industrial goods such as jute bags, fabric, and rail, and reduced imports into India from other countries. iv) During the war, Indian factories grew, and Indian business groups began to demand more growth opportunities. v) The war brought massive profits to business organizations.
- European Expansionism. ...
- Serbian Nationalism. ...
- The Assassination of Franz Ferdinand. ...
- Conflicts over Alliances. ...
- The Blank Check Assurance: Conspired Plans of Germany and Austria-Hungary. ...
- Germany Millenarianism – Spirit of 1914.
The first World War was won by the Allies consisting of the United Kingdom, France, United States, Japan, Italy. They defeated the Central Powers consisting of Imperial Germany, Austro-Hungary Empire and the Ottoman Empire. It lasted from 1914 and lasted until the signing of the Versailles Peace Treaty in 1919.
What were the causes of ww1 essay?
The main factors that led to the War were nationalism, imperialism, alliances and militarism. By the end of the War over 17 million people would have lost their lives, and the reasons why the War had erupted is much more complex than a simple list of causes.
But overall the main causes of WW1 were either Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism or Nationalism. I strongly believe that the cause that had the biggest impact on WW1 was Imperialism.
After WW1, the need for an international body of nations that promotes security and peace worldwide became evident. This caused the founding of the League of Nations. WW1 boosted research in technology because better transport and means of communication gave countries an advantage over their enemies.
Western Europe and Asia were rebuilt through the American Marshall Plan, whereas Central and Eastern Europe fell under the Soviet sphere of influence and eventually behind an "Iron Curtain". Europe was divided into a US-led Western Bloc and a USSR-led Eastern Bloc.
Because so much had been destroyed during the war, many European countries were heavily in debt to the United States and could not afford to rebuild. There were shortages of food and raw materials; thousands of refugees were still homeless. Due to these difficulties, there were almost no jobs and unemployment was high.