Could a submarine sink a cruise ship?
On May 7, 1915, the
Modern torpedoes have capability to sink aircraft carriers. They are designed to break the hull beyond on site reparation. Effectively, the torpedo will implode causing the ship to crack in half in most circumstances. So yes, it would only require a single torpedo to sink a modern cruise ship.
Thankfully, very few cruise ships have actually sunk in modern history. Even so, the Titanic's sinking impacted maritime law so much that there are more than enough lifeboats for all passengers and crew onboard any given sailing. Within the last 111 years, over 20 cruise ships and ocean liners have sunk.
Cruise ships may be huge, but the ocean is much, much bigger. The U-shaped hull of a cruise ship displaces thousands of tons of water, pushing it down and to the sides, but the ship doesn't sink because the density of the water pushes back against the ship, keeping it afloat.
It is impossible to tell exactly how long it will take a ship to sink. The reason for this is because the time it takes to sink depends on how damaged the ship is. The Titanic sank in under three hours because a good amount of air remained inside after the iceberg punctured it.
A steel sink since its density is more than water. The interior of a ship is hollow. Therefore, its average density is less than that of water, therefore, it floats.
The Soviet speed advantage can allow submarines literally to outrun U. S. torpedoes in certain scenarios. cantly deeper than current U. S. submarines can operate. This speed-depth combination provides Soviet submarines with the ability to make evasive maneuvers.
But most of them aren't as renowned, as large, or as deeply buried as the Titanic. There's an estimated three million shipwrecks scattered across the ocean floor, from sunken World War II destroyers to colonial Spanish galleons to small abandoned dinghies.
The wartime sinking of the German Wilhelm Gustloff in January 1945 in World War II by a Soviet Navy submarine, with an estimated loss of about 9,400 people, remains the deadliest isolated maritime disaster ever, excluding such events as the destruction of entire fleets like the 1274 and 1281 storms that are said to ...
On 13 January 2012, the eight-year-old Costa Cruises vessel Costa Concordia was on the first leg of a cruise around the Mediterranean Sea when she deviated from her planned route at Isola del Giglio, Tuscany, sailed closer to the island, and struck a rock formation on the sea floor.
Would a cruise ship survive a tsunami?
Experts agree that a cruise ship sailing out over a body of water is not likely to feel any impacts from a tsunami's waves.
Salary Ranges for Cruise Ship Captains
The salaries of Cruise Ship Captains in the US range from $18,053 to $476,518 , with a median salary of $86,503 . The middle 57% of Cruise Ship Captains makes between $86,503 and $216,093, with the top 86% making $476,518.
An object floats when the buoyant force is large enough to counter the object's weight. So a large hollow object might float because large means more water displaced – so more buoyant force – and hollow means relatively little weight. A small solid object might not float, however.
The Icon of the Seas is currently set to sail in the Caribbean, meaning it won't be encountering ice. But even if in the future its used in an area in which there could be ice, it's still incredibly rare for a cruise ship today to strike an iceberg. It's not impossible though.
How often do cruise ships hit icebergs? While ships might regularly make contact with ice, it's unusual for it to be an issue.
The average speed of a modern cruise ship is roughly 20 knots (23 miles per hour), with maximum speeds reaching about 30 knots (34.5 miles per hour). How fast a ship is able to sail depends on several factors, including the power of its engines, the weather and the conditions at sea.
Many ships, including cruise liners have omitted having a 13th deck due to triskaidekaphobia. Instead, the decks are numbered up to 12 and skip straight to number 14. Hotels, buildings and elevator manufacturers have also avoided using the number 13 for rooms and floors based on triskaidekaphobia.
By far the most effective way to sink ships is using a torpedo. A hit from just a single torpedo such as the Spearfish will almost certainly be fatal for all but the strongest and largest ships.
Cruise ships have narrow and wide bottom surfaces. Usually no more than 30 feet (9.1 metres) of a vessel sits under the water, which is only about 10% of the ship's overall height.
It is at a higher pressure than outside so the air and pressure would rush out. A submarine is much thicker and a bullet is much less likely to penetrate. It is at a much lower pressure than outside so the water would rush in.
How fast is a submarine in mph?
Submarines. Established reports and manufacturer's claims indicate that a handful of submarines are capable of speeds exceeding 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph).
When a submersible is deep in the ocean it experiences the force on its surface due to water pressure. When this force becomes larger than the force hull can withstand, the vessel implodes violently.
It is estimated that about 20 million tons of gold are in the ocean, which is concentrated in multiple locations. To extract gold from the ocean, one would need to use a process called “gold dredging.” This process involves using a vessel with a giant scoop to remove sediment from the ocean floor.
On June 14th, 2023, the Adriana, a fishing boat carrying 750 people, capsized in the Mediterranean. The more than 600 deaths were entirely preventable. And yet the world barely flinched.
As long as a boat stays afloat, it can still keep moving, even if there is no one onboard. For vessels abandoned at sea, currents and winds become captain and crew. With that endless kinetic energy to drive them, and a vast, often empty ocean to roam, the ghost ships may eerily sail on indefinitely.
The Doña Paz remains the deadliest peacetime maritime disaster of all time, with almost three times more casualties than the Titanic. The SS Cap Arcona was a luxury ocean liner launched in 1927 and was the flagship of the Hamburg-South America line.
The Titanic isn't the only notable shipwreck (though it is famous for crashing into an iceberg on April 15, 1912, killing over 1,500 people). The Lusitania, a British luxury liner, was sunk by a German submarine on May 7, 1915, killing 1,195 people. Joola, a Senegalese ferry, sunk in 2002, drowning 1,863 people.
There were 49 large ships totally lost in 2020, basically unchanged from 48 in 2019, according to latest data from Allianz. Safety & Shipping Review 2021 reports that annual shipping losses are now half of the total recorded ten years ago.
Of the 212 listed as overboard between 2009 and 2019, only 48 people were rescued. But miracles do happen. In 2018, a cruise ship worker was rescued when another cruise ship spotted him 22 hours after he went overboard northwest of Cuba, long after the Coast Guard had called off the search.
The Cruise Passenger publication says: "There were only six reports of pirates attempting to attack cruise ships over the last 10 years – in fact there has never been a successful pirate attack on a cruise ship. However, this doesn't mean cruise ships aren't prepared for the worst."
What is the likelihood of surviving falling off a cruise ship?
Only 17% to 25% of the fallen passengers survive. Some laws like the Cruise Vessel Safety Act protect passengers; however, when passengers are on board the ship and fall overboard or become victims of a crime, the reality is much different than what you would expect.
In such cases, cruise lines have two options: head to a different port up or down the coast to disembark passengers or remain at sea until the ship's home port reopens.
A new report in Florida says you're 10 times safer on a cruise ship than an airplane.
In a dire scenario, a cruise ship could sink in a hurricane. But before you cancel all your future cruise plans, know this: it's highly unlikely. Cruise ships are built like fortresses. They boast stability, seaworthiness, and a bucket-load of safety features to help them ride out even the angriest storms.
The best Ship Captain jobs can pay up to $118,000 per year.
In this career, you must ensure its seaworthiness and follow all safety protocols for your passengers before setting sail. You also manage a large crew, ensuring that each crew member understands your policies.
It comes as no surprise that the ship's captain has the biggest salary from working on a cruise ship. The master of the vessel has a huge responsibility for ship safety for crew and passengers along with navigation.
Generally, the highest-paying jobs on cruise ships are held by officers, department heads, and those working on commission. However, many other variables affect earning potential, such as cruise line, ship size, clientele, tips awarded, and prior job experience. Contracts are another factor.
as long as there is enough water under the keel for the ship to float - yes.
Most Common Causes of Cruise Ship Tilts:
– Sharp turns; – Strong winds; – Waves hitting the ship broadside; – Dangerous weather conditions combined with excessive rain and waves, causing the ship to be unbalanced.
Thanks to sophisticated stabilization systems, modern cruise ships can ensure stability and avoid tipping over. Some of these systems, known as active stabilization systems, adapt to water and weather conditions. Gyroscopes, thrusters, and counterweights prevent the ship from swaying in the water.
Could the iceberg that sank the Titanic still exist?
On its way into the Atlantic and also after the collision, the iceberg melted because of the water temperature. An iceberg exists for about two to three years. Accordingly, if the fatal iceberg calved in 1910 or 1911, it may not have disappeared until the end of 1912 or even during 1913.
Crashing into the iceberg head-on
Importantly the ship would still be able to float, as it was designed to in the event that any two or all of its first four compartments became flooded.
Those changes, along with the advent of superior technologies for navigation and communication, have made the seas much safer since 1912. As such, it is unlikely that the specific circumstances leading to the sinking of the Titanic will recur.
Icon of the Seas measures 1,198 feet long, with 250,800 gross tonnage. The cruise ship has 20 decks, seven swimming pools, and "record-breaking" waterslides.
On June 25, while transiting to Hubbard Glacier in Alaska, the ship Norwegian Sun "made contact" with an iceberg. SEATTLE — A Norwegian Cruise Line ship was forced to return to Seattle after it hit an iceberg during a voyage in Alaska.
A fully executed turn with slowed engines ahead given them enough leeway and give to steer away from iceberg or at least hit it with less force. Doing less damage. Other engineers suggest if Titanic hit the iceberg head on it'd survive. Catastrophic damage and injuries but probably wouldn't have sunk.
How fast do cruise ships go? What is the maximum speed of a cruise ship? The maximum speed for most modern vessels is about 30 knots or 34.5 mph, but just because they can glide along that fast doesn't mean they actually do, or at least not all the time.
A large cruise ship ranging in length from 900 to 1,100 feet might hold 1 to 2 million gallons of fuel. Smaller vessels, like a 440-foot-long ferry, might carry around 130,000 gallons of fuel, while a gigantic ship measuring over 1,300 feet in length can tote over 4 million gallons.
Torpedo defence includes evasive maneuvers, passive defense like torpedo belts, torpedo nets, torpedo bulges and active defenses, like anti-torpedo torpedoes similar in idea to missile defense systems.
No, a single torpedo could not do that because of the ship's design. I can't provide details because of classification, but a torpedo can't sink a modern US Aircraft Carrier.
How effective are modern torpedoes?
With advancements in technology, a modern torpedo can destroy a target at a range of 40 km and a speed of about 50 kts. Its destructive power is more than a missile and it can easily differentiate between a target and a decoy.
USS Archerfish (SS/AGSS-311) was a Balao-class submarine. She was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the archerfish. Archerfish is best known for sinking the Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano in November 1944, the largest warship ever sunk by a submarine.
A ship which has a large weight displace a large volume (thus large weight) of water. Hence the buoyancy force acting on the ship is much greater than the weight of the ship itself, making it to float on water. Thus ship do not sink in water.
In her short career in the Pacific War, Tang sank 33 ships totalling 116,454 tons.
Zig-zagging confounded the enemy's efforts to track a convoy's route, speed, range, and position. Submarine captains couldn't be sure how to position their boats to fire their torpedoes with effect. Sailing with their British allies, US ships adopted the practice, which continued through World War II.
Most current submarines can survive at a depth of 400 m, so they might survive long pressure spikes created by the waves above them as high as 200–400 m, but not kilometer size waves. Submarines are also designed to withstand short pressure spikes from close explosions of deep charges and even nuclear explosions.
The explosion creates a gas bubble which may damage the keel or underside plating of the target. However, the most destructive part of the explosion is the upthrust of the gas bubble, which will bodily lift the hull in the water.
Actually sinking an aircraft carrier is next to impossible. Your best bet would probably be a nuclear warhead.
The aircraft carrier is vulnerable to gunfire, submarine attack, and air attack, and aircraft carriers have been sunk in this war by all three of these means. There is no excuse for an aircraft carrier being sunk by either gunfire or submarine attack and any carrier so sunk was being very poorly operated at the time.
The answer is of course, that one torpedo can sink a ship regardless of her size. Let's turn to some historical examples where this happened. On November 13, 1941, Force H was returning to Gibraltar after relocating aircraft to Malta.
How fast is a torpedo in mph?
Torpedos. The British Spearfish torpedo, designed to counter high-speed Russian submarines such as the Alfa class, is reputed to reach speeds in excess of 70 knots (130 km/h; 81 mph). The Russian VA-111 Shkval rocket-powered supercavitating torpedo is reportedly capable of speeds over 200 knots (370 km/h; 230 mph).
Propulsion is usually by battery-powered electric motors. Underwater travel is controlled in several ways. Active-acoustic torpedoes generate sound signals similar to sonar and home in on the echo received from the target. Passive-acoustic torpedoes home in on noise generated by the target.
The tests concluded that the problems were threefold: the Mk 14s tended to run at least 10 feet deeper than the depth that was set, causing them to run underneath their targets; the magnetic detonators used with the Mk 14s were detonating prematurely, causing the torpedoes to explode before reaching their target; and ...